Healthy Soil Grows Healthy Turf
Sean Breckin, AOLCP


The PJC Organic Healthy Turf Circle is the keystone to our practical approach. Healthy soil grows healthy turf and each part of the wheel is tantamount to the others. Soil Chemistry, Soil Biology, Soil Structure, and Cultural Practices. We are influencing the structure of soil solids, the mineral make up and bioavailability of minerals, and organic matter content to provide a continual food source for soil biology.


Soil testing is integral to our program and one of our biggest support services. We do the back-end work for you by interpreting the soil test results and providing you with an easy to understand deliverable to your customer. We often get asked when to do it and the answer is simple… any time of year! Just be sure soil testing is not done within a 4-6 window of any granular application. Since healthy soil grows healthy turf, soil tests give a place to start product and program recommendations for lawns. Tests are objective and scientific – this helps keep the conversation focused on what’s best to grow the turf grass by influencing soil conditions.


Soil Chemistry is the first component of the healthy turf circle – we are looking primarily to influence the pH of the soil. From there we can better influence the soil minerals and their bioavailability to the turf plant. In the Northeast, our native soils tend to be acidic—keep in mind that turfgrass wants to grow in soils with a pH of 6.5-6.7. For turf grass, we consider 6.2-6.9 to be an acceptable range, 6.5-6.7 is ideal. This is important because the bioavailability of plant nutrients increases tremendously when soil pH is in range.  


The Soil Food web is a great illustration to represent the life cycles of various ‘consumers’ within the terrestrial biosphere. For turf grass, we are looking to encourage nitrifying (Nitrobacter) or nitrogen fixing bacteria (azotobacter). The symbiotic relationship of soil of microbes and the plants – they are effectively feeding. Predominantly bacterial soils with balanced fungal populations are what we are looking for in turf grass.


Our goal is to influence the nutrient holding capacity of the soil by addressing organic matter and CEC deficiencies. Soils with higher organic matter and CEC can better hold onto water and nutrients and make them available for the turf plant when it needs them. Humic acids are a tremendous option to help influence soil CEC and are found in soil as “HUMUS”. Humic acids can take millennia to develop in a native soil on their own. So, by adding them in a low dose manner, in the form of ‘humates’ we can encourage healthier soil by presenting the critical component to add more binding sites for cations.


The 4th element of our Healthy Turf Circle is cultural practices. You can sink your program if you don’t pay close attention to your cultural practices. It takes time to make significant changes to soil conditions. Therefore, it is hugely important to get the cultural practices right to build year over year success.

  1. Mowing – Adjust mowing height and frequency according to the season.
  2. Watering PJC has adopted the 1-2-3-2-1 watering method.
  3. Aeratingalleviate compaction and get essential nutrients directly into the rhizosphere. It also allows for better air movement and water movement in the soil profile.
  4. Overseeding – get seed-to-soil contact and establish new turf stands and crowd out weeds.
  5. Weed management – When you are looking at weeds present in your lawn, ask yourself: “Why is this weed here?” The answer always comes back to the underlying soil conditions.
  6. Turf Blankets – an amazing tool to cheat winter cold and capture as much sun as you can over the winter months.  They will help especially with faster germination in the spring for early season seeding.